As per a study published in International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1 among 10 women experience pain during or after sex. (1) Usually, questions related to intercourse are not openly discussed and women often suffer in silence.
Having cramps after sex is nothing to be concerned about however it can also be an indication of underlying health condition. As per New York University’s Langone Medical Center, there are several possible causes for experiencing cramps after sex. So, in this article let’s learn them in detail…
Possible Causes of Cramping and Abdominal Pain after Sex
The semen contains prostaglandin in it. Few women are sensitive to this molecule and its release into the vagina during ejaculation can lead to pain or other discomfort after sex.
2. Deep Penetration
If your man is hitting the cervix (womb neck) then it can cause pain and discomfort during or after sex. Usually, when a woman is aroused, her uterus and cervix will lift up so that the vagina lengthens. This ensures that the penis doesn’t hit the cervix. But if the woman is not completely ready for sex then the uterus and cervix will remain in the same place. So, the penis will likely to hit the cervix. In some other situations, though woman is completely aroused, she can feel the pressure against the cervix. In that case, you can try sex position which doesn’t lead to deep penetration.
Apart from that, certain sex positions make the penis to deeply penetrate into the vagina. This can lead to irritation, pain and discomfort of the cervix. If you are experiencing intense pain after sex then it is better to consult a certified doctor.
3. Titled Uterus
Normally, the uterus is positioned straight up or position towards the belly. But for some people, the uterus can be tilted which means that the uterus is positional facing the rectum away from belly. This is usually happens in 20% of women. Cramps after sex are a common symptom of tilted uterus. If you are suffering from tiled uterus then changing sexual position may help.
Fibroids are the begin growths which can develop in the fallopian tubes and around the womb. Big sized fibroids can make a pressure on the uterus which can cause pain during and after the sex. Some fibroids can also grow on the cervix and at the end of the vaginal tract. These types of fibroids make the sex penetration very painful.
Some other symptoms that indicate fibroids apart from pain during sex are heavy bleeding, loss of libido and pelvic pain. Distressing pain during or after sex can lead to distress and depression in women.
5. Ovarian Cyst
Cysts are sacs filled with fluid which usually develop on the ovary. They can cause pain after and during sexual intercourse. During the sexual intercourse, the fluid from the cysts can leak. This is one of the dangerous and gynecological issues so it is recommended to consult a doctor.
Endometriosis is a medical condition which makes the tissues to grow on the uterus or the other parts of the reproductive organs. This can lead to pain during and after sex. It may also cause severe abdominal pain and abnormal discharge during any menstrual day.
7. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
PID is an infection of fallopian tubes, ovaries, pelvis and uterus. Women having sexually transmitted diseases are a higher risk of getting pelvic inflammatory diseases. They can be a reason for the cramps after the sex. Other symptoms of PID are abdominal cramps, severe back pain, and abnormal bleeding.
8. Vaginal Dryness
If your vagina is dry or has insufficient lubrication then you can have pain during an intercourse. Poor vaginal lubrication leads to painful friction that can affect the vaginal tissues and walls. One of the best ways to treat vaginal dryness is to have enough foreplay before having sex. Women who are in their peri-menopause state can also experience vaginal dryness which can lead to cramps during and after sexual intercourse.
Some women experience intense cramping like menstrual pain after having an orgasm. Usually, orgasms cause mild contractions of the pelvic and uterus.
If you are having sex for the first time then cramps and light spotting is pretty common and nothing to worry about. This is actually caused by stretching or breaking the hymen.
Intrauterine device is a T-shaped birth control device inserted into the vagina. Actually, there are two types of IUD’s available – copper IUD and hormonal IUD. If you have got them placed recently then abdominal pain, light bleeding and pain after sex are common. They can be caused due to tampering in the device caused during the physical excitement. Apart from that cramps are common during the first 3 months after installation of IUD. If the intrauterine device is causing severe intense pains then contact your gynecologist.
12. During Pregnancy
If you are having a low-risk pregnancy then you can enjoy having sex. If your family has a history of miscarriages then it is better to consult your doctor.
Actually, orgasm can cause minor uterine contractions. When you are aroused, the hormone oxytocin is released which cause the uterus to contract. Apart from that semen contains chemicals called prostaglandins that can induce uterine contractions. As contractions are caused by orgasm, even masturbation can also give lead to minor cramps.
If you are having sex during second or third trimester, then you experience uterine contractions which can also feel like false labor. Usually, they are only temporary and do not hurt the baby. But if you are having contractions every 10 – 15 minutes for an hour, it can be a premature labor.
13. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases like Chlamydia, yeast infection or any other then it can cause pain during and after sexual intercourse.
14. Cervical Stenosis
This medical condition can be caused when the cervix is very narrow with less blood circulation. Women with this condition have irregular periods and cramping after sex.
15. Ovarian Cancer
Cramping after sex, irregular periods, abdominal swelling, pressure in the abdomen and frequent urination are the signs of ovarian cancer.
Dealing with Cramps after sex
Here are few tips to get relief from the mild pains after sex…
- Place a warm compress on the lower abdomen to soothe the pain.
- Take pain killers for reliving the cramps.
- Start walking slowly or do some aerobics.
- Take some natural pain killer herbs like chamomile, fennel seeds, dill or ginger.
- Take a warm bath or soak in warm bath for 15 – 20 minutes for reduce pain quickly.
- If you are experiencing pain during sex then change to any other position.
- Massaging the abdomen or stomach can help you get relief from the pain.
Mild cramps after sex can be pretty normal but if the pain intensifies or doesn’t reduce then consult a doctor as soon as possible.
If you have any further questions, write to us in the comment section below. We are more than happy to help you clear the doubts.